EN11 -13, EN15: Location and size of land owned, leased, managed in, or adjacent to, protected areas and areas of high biodiversity value outside protected areas; Description of significant impacts of activities, products, and services on biodiversity in protected areas and areas of high biodiversity value outside protected areas; Habitats protected or restored; and Number of IUCN Red List species and national conservation list species with habitats in areas affected by operations, by level of extinction risk
Anvil impacts biodiversity primarily through our dependence on:
- chemicals, dyes and water in our textile production,
- cotton agriculture and the implications of water scarcity and impacts from pesticide use, and
- other raw material and resource production and extraction from our supply chain.
Our strategy in developing indicators for ecosytem services and biodiversity impacts therefore has focused on prioritizing threats such as the impact of climate change, water stress indicators and pollution and nutrient load.
Based on the results of a recent Water Footprint study and our work on organic cotton fiber (the latter which we disclosed in our prior report), we have concluded that we will focus on measuring and improving our fiber sourcing strategy and supporting more sustainable cotton production through the development of a scorecard.
In addition, we spent 2010 conducting due diligence of biodiversity loss in the countries in which we operate, Honduras and Nicaragua being our main focus. What we learned is that many of the issues faced by endangered species in those countries also impact the United States because these are nesting habitats for species which then migrate up to the southern coast of the US. With the BP Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill in 2010, this became even more critical of an issue.
The number of wildlife species threatened by the spill was estimated at 400. Threatened species include sea life such as whales, tuna and shrimp; dozens of species of birds; land animals such as the gray fox and white-tailed deer; and amphibians such as the alligator and the snapping turtle according to the New Orleans Times-Picayune. At the same time we were introduced to the work of the Wildlife Conservation Society which is active in a number of conservation programs in Central America. In our due diligence, we visited a program run by the Wildlife Conservation Society in Nicaragua to support conservation efforts around the endangered Hawkbill turtle and Green Sea turtle species.
We will have more to report on our plans and goals in our next report.
EN14: Strategies, current actions, and future plans for managing impacts on biodiversity
In 2010, we continued to take on the role of an environmental leader, supporting efforts to restore areas near our facilities as well as encouraging others in our industry to make better investments and choices. We did so primarily by expanding our partnership initiatives.
For example, in 2010, our educational outreach grew considerably. In Nicaragua, Anvil worked closely with a group of teachers to develop environmental lesson plans. In partnership with the Nicaraguan Foro Nacional de Reciclaje (National Forum of Recycling), we sponsored an event where the lesson plans were presented to 300 teachers, who work in schools throughout Managua, the nation’s capital. We are currently working with the Honduras Ministry of Education to bring the same lesson plans to Honduran school teachers. Later that year, we sponsored a visit from the head of the NFNR program to the National Association of Environmental Educators for their annual conference in Buffalo, NY to present our program.
In addition to other environmentally themed events, we sponsored a day-long college forum—“El Foro para la definicion de la agenda ambiental de la juventud” or “The forum to define an environmental agenda for youth” — in the Honduran capital city of Tegucigalpa, which featured expert discussions on the state of the nation’s waste, water and energy conservation and climate change initiatives. More than 400 college students attended. In the fall of 2010, the second such event will take place at a local university in San Pedro Sula, the municipality in which one of our Hondurans facilities is located.